In the creative universe, determining how to label your talents can be complicated. As a result, choosing what type of production specialist to hire for a project can become confusing. With so many titles in the industry, it’s a challenge to understand the distinctions. How does videography or cinematography differ? Are there particular education requirements, and what opportunities exist for each position?
Learning the nuances of each role will help you understand how they factor into your plans and goals. Likewise, when deciding whether a person should market themselves as a videographer or cinematographer, there are several areas to consider.
Continue reading to discover the differences between these two positions.
Defining the Differences
The differences between a videographer and cinematographer are not meant to be absolute. The titles act as generalisations within the same industry and operate as guides.
As a standard, videographers tend to be individuals who record events. This might include occasions like interviews, conferences or weddings. Typically, a videographer will operate on their own or with a limited team. This means they act as a one-person show and handle all lighting, editing and arrangement choices themselves. Their primary focus is on capturing the fundamental moments of an event as it unfolds, because they rarely have a chance for retakes.
In comparison, cinematographers are focused on the art of storytelling. They mostly work on cinematic films and productions, which allows them to dictate how events unfold. They are commonly known as the director of photography (DP) on set. As such, they are responsible for making the technical and artistic decisions relating to the overall image. While cinematographers can operate cameras, they generally act as the chief manager of the light and camera crews.
To simplify the definitions, a videographer records events, and a cinematographer directs the art and science behind the production of a movie, television show or commercial.
Explaining the Educational Requirements
Most official roles as a cinematographer or videographer require a bachelor’s degree. Many universities offer degrees in communication, film studies or broadcasting, which would be relevant in the industry. Additionally, courses in cinematography or video-editing software can be an essential part of training for these jobs. You can demonstrate editing proficiency by completing courses and certifications.
It’s common for many videographers to be self-employed. They may contract out their services to cover various events, like weddings. In those situations, they would not need a formal degree.
Likewise, it is possible to become a self-taught cinematographer. Some people begin as production assistants (PA) and work their way up the ladder. Others become experts in camera operating and are eventually promoted to DP. There are many paths to achieving these careers, but artistic vision and creativity are crucial.
If you decide to write, direct, edit and produce your own film, then you could wear several hats and call yourself a cinematographer regardless of your educational experience. However, if you intend to work as part of someone else’s production, you should be prepared to pursue higher education.
Distinguished DPs are invited to join the American Society of Cinematographers, an educational, cultural and professional organisation that began in 1919.
Analyzing the Career Outlook
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, positions as film and video editors and camera operators are expected to grow by 18% by 2029. As there are subtle differences in the job descriptions, the work as a videographer or cinematographer may have more competition than a standard camera operator.
Platforms like YouTube allow freelance videographers to build an online portfolio. Moreover, they enable individuals to publish their creative works regardless of budget or experience. This provides the opportunity for hobbyists and self-employed experts to display their talents.
So what prospects exist for videographers and cinematographers?
Videographers typically record events that occur. Many opportunities are available with the press. The news industry needs specialists to capture interviews, critical incidents and news reports. Additionally, videographers can cover business conferences or meetings that need to be documented.
One of the most in-demand opportunities for videographers is wedding coverage. The majority of people want to capture their happiest day on video. That makes videographers invaluable to the wedding industry. To excel, they should specialise and hone their style to cater to the greatest number of prospective clients.
Cinematographers can work on any motion picture project that involves storytelling, typically in the film and television world. However, they can also work on commercial sets. Cinematographers will likely gain opportunities in the gaming industry as trends move toward trailers and cinematic effects. There may also be an opening in the virtual reality market for directors of photography.
How These Titles May Change in the Future
These positions already experience overlap. As technology expands and adapts, some titles are no longer accurate. For example, filmmakers rarely shoot on film anymore since everything has gone digital. Over the next decade, the responsibilities of the videographer or cinematographer may increase. Moreover, new titles might be created to cover the subtle differences between production genres.
What’s important is to choose the title most in sync with your capabilities and interests. If you are looking to hire a videographer or cinematographer, evaluate your style requirements and discuss your ideas with the professional.